All Sikh Gurus started wearing turbans after Guru Nanak Ji. However, it was officially made a part of the religion in the year 1699 on Baisakhi by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the 10th Guru of the Sikhs.
Only 2% of the total Indian population constitute of the Sikhs. Thus, their turban prominences their identity and helps them being recognised. While making the turban as an official part of the religion, Guru Gobind Singh Ji said “My Sikhs will be recognized among millions”
During Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s time, the turban used to be recognised as a symbol of nobility and higher class in the society. The Mughal aristocrats and the Hindu Rajputs were the only person who were allowed to wear turban. Only Hindu Rajputs used the second name as Singh (Lion) or Kaur (princess), carried weapons, had moustaches and beard. Many Turban wearing high class individuals were called Sardars (Leaders). This created a huge difference between the upper class and the others in the society.
The followers of Sikh religion did not have any resources to carry out the aristocratic attire. Even if they had the resources, they were not allowed to as the punishment for disobedience was death. But Guru Gobind Singh Ji decided to end this unfair system of the society and create equality among everyone. He commanded every Sikh to carry a sword, take up the name Singh or Kaur and grow Kesh (hair) and wear the Turban boldly and fearlessly and declared every Sikh as Sardar. This made followers of the Sikh religion see themselves on the same level as the Mughal rulers. It is interesting to point out that even women are allowed to wear turban.
Sikhs wearing Turbans serve as ambassadors of the Sikh faith and give their true submission to the Sikh Gurus. The Turban also deepens the connection between the Sikhs and their Gurus.